The Restrictive Approach to Legal Representation in Arbitration Proceedings and its Unintended Consequences in Nigeria

Arbitration by Nick Youngson CC BY-SA 3.0 Alpha Stock Images

Fikayo Taiwo, PhD candidate at the University of Essex, published in the Journal of International Arbitration an article titled ‘The Restrictive Approach to Legal Representation in Arbitration Proceedings and Its Unintended Consequences in Nigeria’.

The issue of legal representation in arbitration proceedings accounts for one of the sub-factors of ‘formal legal structure’ and ‘national arbitration law’ that disputing parties consider before choosing a seat of arbitration. Indeed, the ability of disputing parties in arbitration to freely select their desired representatives is embedded in the foundational principle of party autonomy, which continues to act as an incentive to settle cross-border disputes through international arbitration. However, while this may be the norm, a few countries take a different approach.

In Nigeria, a literal interpretation of the national arbitration rules prevents parties from selecting persons not admitted to the Nigerian bar as their representatives in arbitration proceedings. Upon being approached, courts of coordinate jurisdiction have interpreted the provisions in different ways. Therefore, this article examines the probable impact of this position on parties’ non-selection of the jurisdiction and its law in international arbitration proceedings. The article identifies scope for reform in the law and makes suggestions for creating a more liberal legislative and judicial framework in order to promote Nigeria as a seat of international arbitration.

The full article is published in Issue 2, Volume 37 of the Journal of International Arbitration and can be accessed here.

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