Trade War Looms Over Article 16: The Northern Ireland Protocol Safeguard, Explained

Photo by Fred Moon By Dr. Carlo Petrucci, Lecturer in Law, University of Essex David Frost, the UK Brexit minister, has expressed discontent with the implementation of the Northern Ireland Brexit protocol. This is the trade arrangement at the heart of controversies over trade between the EU, Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Frost has threatened … Continue reading Trade War Looms Over Article 16: The Northern Ireland Protocol Safeguard, Explained

‘Cyber Due Diligence’: A Patchwork of Protective Obligations in International Law

Photo by Kevin Ku With a long history in international law, the concept of due diligence has recently gained traction in the cyber context, as a promising avenue to hold states accountable for harmful cyber operations originating from, or transiting through, their territory, in the absence of attribution. Nonetheless, confusion surrounds the nature, content, and scope … Continue reading ‘Cyber Due Diligence’: A Patchwork of Protective Obligations in International Law

Reparations Before The International Criminal Court: Who Are The Victims of Cultural Heritage Destructions and How Should Their Harm Be Addressed?

Source: Wikimedia Commons Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi (Mr. Al Mahdi) was brought to the International Criminal Court to stand trial for his involvement in the destruction of several historical and religious sites in Timbuktu (Mali) during an armed conflict in 2012. This was the first time in the history of international criminal justice that an individual … Continue reading Reparations Before The International Criminal Court: Who Are The Victims of Cultural Heritage Destructions and How Should Their Harm Be Addressed?

Whose Perception of Justice? Real and Perceived Challenges to Military Investigations in Armed Conflict

Image by iStock States must investigate possible violations of international humanitarian law in armed conflict, and many of them use military procedures for all or part of the investigation process. Particular tensions can arise with regard to the perception of justice in the context of military judicial procedures, especially surrounding questions of independence and impartiality. … Continue reading Whose Perception of Justice? Real and Perceived Challenges to Military Investigations in Armed Conflict