New Legal Protections for the Environment in Relation to Armed Conflict

Image via Shutterstock By Professor Karen Hulme (School of Law, University of Essex) and Elizabeth B. Hessami (Johns Hopkins University) Nature and conservation are inevitably harmed during armed conflict. The laws of armed conflict do provide some measure of legal protection for nature, but these rules are limited and vague. The recent adoption by the … Continue reading New Legal Protections for the Environment in Relation to Armed Conflict

Investigating Allegations of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Humanitarian Settings

Photo by Claudia Soraya on Unsplash Professor Carla Ferstman is a member of the Justice Rapid Response (JRR) Sexual and Gender-Based Violence Justice Experts Roster. She recently wrote a research paper for JRR on the investigation of sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) allegations involving children. Along with Fabian Ilg, who is a Justice Rapid Response Roster Expert, Prof. … Continue reading Investigating Allegations of Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Humanitarian Settings

Investigations in Armed Conflict

Image by Shutterstock Investigations into alleged violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law in armed conflict are crucial to the implementation of these bodies of law. There are, however, numerous legal and practical challenges that arise when considering a State’s obligations under international law with regard to such investigations. These include establishing … Continue reading Investigations in Armed Conflict

Reparations Before The International Criminal Court: Who Are The Victims of Cultural Heritage Destructions and How Should Their Harm Be Addressed?

Source: Wikimedia Commons Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi (Mr. Al Mahdi) was brought to the International Criminal Court to stand trial for his involvement in the destruction of several historical and religious sites in Timbuktu (Mali) during an armed conflict in 2012. This was the first time in the history of international criminal justice that an individual … Continue reading Reparations Before The International Criminal Court: Who Are The Victims of Cultural Heritage Destructions and How Should Their Harm Be Addressed?

Whose Perception of Justice? Real and Perceived Challenges to Military Investigations in Armed Conflict

Image by iStock States must investigate possible violations of international humanitarian law in armed conflict, and many of them use military procedures for all or part of the investigation process. Particular tensions can arise with regard to the perception of justice in the context of military judicial procedures, especially surrounding questions of independence and impartiality. … Continue reading Whose Perception of Justice? Real and Perceived Challenges to Military Investigations in Armed Conflict

The Ecology of War and Peace: Marginalising Slow and Structural Violence in International Law

Photo by Sergio Torres Dr. Eliana Cusato, who is currently appointed as a Marie Skłodowska-Curie postdoctoral fellow at the Amsterdam Center for International Law, authored a new book titled The Ecology of War and Peace: Marginalising Slow and Structural Violence in International Law. Her book was published by Cambridge University Press in September 2021. The … Continue reading The Ecology of War and Peace: Marginalising Slow and Structural Violence in International Law

The War on Compensation: Troubling Signs for Civilian Casualties in the Gaza Strip

Photo by Timon Studler Dr. Haim Abraham, Lecturer in Law, University of Essex Follow Dr. Abraham on Twitter here The last round of belligerency between Hamas and Israel claimed a significant toll from civilians, with many arguing that some of the more devastating activities conducted by the IDF were in breach of the laws of … Continue reading The War on Compensation: Troubling Signs for Civilian Casualties in the Gaza Strip

Why Civil Claims are a Necessary Part of the Arsenal to Address Military Excesses

Photo by Diego González Carla Ferstman and Noora Arajärvi, University of Essex, published a report which assesses the UK Overseas Operations (Service Personnel and Veterans) Bill, which makes provision about legal proceedings and consideration of derogation from the European Convention on Human Rights in connection with operations of the armed forces outside the British Islands. The … Continue reading Why Civil Claims are a Necessary Part of the Arsenal to Address Military Excesses

The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict through the Lens of International Law

Azerbaijanis flee Nagorno-Karabakh during the 1991-94 war | Source: Wikimedia Commons A new article by Sabina Garahan, doctoral candidate at the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex, on Opinio Juris analyses False Equivalences in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict – International Humanitarian and Criminal Law Perspectives.   The announcement of a peace deal in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict … Continue reading The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict through the Lens of International Law

The Scope of Military Jurisdiction for Violations of International Humanitarian Law

The Drumhead Court Martial John Pettie (1839–1893) | Photo credit: Museums Sheffield Claire Simmons, PhD Candidate in Law at the University of Essex, published a new article in the Israel Law Review, titled ‘The Scope of Military Jurisdiction for Violations of International Humanitarian Law’. With the adequacy of military jurisdiction over violations of international law … Continue reading The Scope of Military Jurisdiction for Violations of International Humanitarian Law